Sunday, June 7, 2020

Busting Boredom

   â€Å"He who seeks rest finds boredom. He who seeks work finds rest.† - Dylan Thomas July is National Anti-Boredom Month. It is a fitting month for it, too. After all, students have been out of school for a few weeks, and the novelty of having endless spans of days to lounge around and not do things is growing tedious. But boredom need not be the end result. Rather, allow it to become the impetus to begin engaging activities, whether they be work, as Dylan Thomas encourages, or other forms of enrichment. Not sure what to do? Use this blog post as a launching off point to help you collect some ideas, but don’t stop here. Long summer days and warm weather mean the sky’s the limit (unless your heart’s desire is to build a snowman, that is!). We hope these ideas will inspire you to come up with a few more of your own. If you do, please share them with us! We can all use suggestions to stave off the dreaded, â€Å"I’m bored! There’s nothing to do!† Without further ado, here are a few suggestions to boot the boredom beast to the curb! Start a summer book club in your neighborhood. Pick a fun, summery book to engage young minds. A great place to mine for book suggestions is Sarah Mackenzie’s Read-Aloud Revival. On a particularly hot day, set up the sprinklers in the yard and churn some old-fashioned ice cream. This recipe doesn’t require a machine, but it does take a kid or two to help it along the way! Make homemade bubbles and see who can blow the largest bubble. Start your own micro-business. Check out Lemonade to Leadership for students in middle school and Micro Business for Teens for older kids. Start a photography club. A great book for learning more about digital photography is Better Photo Basics: The Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Taking Photos Like a Pro. Learn how to knit or crochet. There are tons of free videos on the web that will get you up and running in no time. And then you can donate your pieces to charities such as Project Linus. Make it even more fun by starting a club! Visit a new park in your area. If you’re doing the photography club, assign everyone a photo to capture. Camp in the Great (backyard) Outdoors! Pitch a tent, invite some friends, and roast hotdogs and marshmallows around a fire. Start a culinary club and create cuisine from around the world or around the nation. A few books to help spark your imagination include Eat Your Way Around the World and Eat Your Way Through the U.S.A. Teach yourself how to watercolor using a book such as Paint This Book!: Watercolor for the Artistically Undiscovered. Teach your family how to sing using Singing Made Easy. Invite friends over for an old-fashioned game night. Have each person bring a favorite board game and snack to contribute to the fun. Having a rainy day? Take those couch cushions, pillows, tables, and blankets, and build an awesome fort! Make homemade, edible play dough. Become a tourist in your home town. Pull up your Chamber of Commerce website and see what hidden gems your town has to offer. Throughout the summer, visit a few of them.    We hope these ideas have inspired you to bust boredom before it begins by trying something new and imaginative. Do you have any ideas you can share with us? Leave them in the comments. We would love to add to the list so that we all have a bank of suggestions for when the days grow long. Busting Boredom Permalink By marcihJul17 Although we usually do this over the winter holidays, it would work during the summer also. Invite friends over to help decorate sugar cookies. Offer prizes for the most unique, most colorful, most artistic. Be sure to make enough for sampling! Log in or register to post comments Great idea! Permalink By Jennifer MauserJul17 Baking and sweets sure do generate a lot of interest around my house! Log in or register to post comments

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Essay about Bio 101 Evolution Lab - 900 Words

Evolution Lab BIO/101 Pooja Thakur 7-23-12 Evolution Resulting From Natural Selection INTRODUCTION The Evolution Lab simulates environmental situations to determine effects on evolution over periods of time. This lab experiments with the evolution of finches on two different islands over 100, 200, and 300 years. By manipulating parameters that influence natural selection, the effects that natural selection have on the evolution process can be studied. HYPOTHESES †¢ The size of the island will influence the population. †¢ The amount of precipitation will influence beak size. †¢ Variances in beak size will influence beak size. MATERIALS The materials needed for this experiment consist of a computer and†¦show more content†¦This test was also run for 300 years then the data was collected. DATA Test 1 |Parameter |Darwin Island |Wallace Island | |Initial Beak Size |12 mm |12 mm | |Heritability |0.7 |0.7 | |Variance |1 |1 | |Clutch Size |10 eggs |10 eggs | |Precipitation |20 cm |20 cm | |Population |200 birds |200 birds | |Island Size |0.5 km |1 km | | |Results | | |Year |Darwin Island |Wallace Island | |2096 |578 |1107 | |2196 |632 |1236 | |2296 |689 |1458 | [pic] DATA Test 2 |Parameter |Darwin Island |Wallace Island | |Initial Beak Size |12 mm |12 mm | |Heritability |0.7 |0.7 | |Variance |1 |1 | |Clutch Size |10 eggs |10 eggs | |Precipitation |20 cm |40 cm | |Population |200 birds |200 birds | |Island Size |0.5 km |0.5Show MoreRelatedEssay on Evolution of the Finch on Darwin Wallace Island832 Words   |  4 PagesEvolution of the finch on Darwin amp; Wallace Island Wendy Chavez Principals of Biology/BIO 101 12/10/2012 Michael Erickson University of Phoenix Evolution of the finch on Darwin amp; Wallace Island A small population of finches have been discovered on Darwin and Wallace Island. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Role Of Communication Between Your Customers And...

When someone mentions the word communication, one s thoughts are to turn to a newspaper, the radio, television, or another more common means of communication. One does not usually make the connection between communication and other institutions such as businesses. Good business, however, goes hand in hand with good communication. Good managers and professionals realize that the ability to communicate is not something to play around with, instead is a necessity that helps employees accomplish their work. Management Communications Consultant, John O. Morris, states communication problems grow much faster in any organization than the organization itself grows  . This maxim emphasizes the need for better communication in organizations such†¦show more content†¦The other form of communication is two-way communication. Two-way communication occurs when the customers can respond to the company. One of the biggest type of examples of two-way communication is social media. Social media allows business to send out information to its customers, but also allows the customers to respond. In the business world, good communication is important for the daily operation of the company, sales, and profitability.Communication is the process of sharing information, thoughts and feelings between people through speaking, writing or body language. â€Å"Any business professional must be aware that good communication skills are acquired and learned, even if some people have a natural talent to being better communicators than others† (NISTORESCU 2). A business without good communication can cause the internal and external structure of a business to, face many more challenges and problems than it already does, ultimately, these challenges and problems can cause the business to collapse. Effective communication extends the concept to require the transmitted content to be received and understood by someone in the way it was intended. In a business, the goals of effective communication includes creating a common perception, changing behaviors and acquiring information; this is done to not only promote products boost sales, get a point across, and show others that you are better. In order to get your communication effective, you must begin with encoding

Ibsens A Dolls House, Act Two Scene 6 Essay Example For Students

Ibsens A Dolls House, Act Two Scene 6 Essay In Ibsens A Dolls House, in Act Two Scene 6, Noras deceptive behaviour and desperation reaches its climax due to the arrival of the letter. This is because the letter contains the means she used to get hold of the money. During the time when the play took place, society frowned upon women asserting themselves. Women were supposed to play the role in which they supported their husbands, took care of their children and made sure that everything around the house was perfect. Work, politics and decisions were left to the males. Nora broke the law and decided to borrow money to pay for her husbands treatment. She did not borrow the money in the right way instead she forged her fathers signature. By doing this, she not only broke the law but also stepped away from the role society had placed on her, being totally dependent on her husband. In this scene, she faces the truth in the letter. The person from whom she borrowed the money, Krogstad, wants payment on the loan. He also blackmails her about influencing Helmer to give him a better job at the bank and hence increase his position in society. This causes Nora to try to keep the letter away from her husband; but what is the significance of the letter and what does it mean to Nora? Possibly, this letter catalyses how Nora acts and how she thinks and she has been deceiving Helmer for the whole of their marriage. This included all sorts of deceptions. One thing that a good audience can recognise is how petty her lies become throughout the play. Nevertheless, no matter how petty her lies are, all she wanted is to cover up her secession. Associated with her deception is the situation she is now in, her desperation, which causes an avalanche of deceitful behaviour and thoughts. When Helmer asks if she is trying on her costume, her agreement is followed by I m going to look beautiful for you, which reveals and sums up her deception. The truth is that she is trying to sort out her next moves with Mrs Linde in how to keep Helmer away from that letterbox. Conceivably, Nora is beautiful as commented by Helmer, but what lies underneath her beauty are, the complicated thoughts and the idea of forgery. Nora is a character who acts on her impulse and cannot think of the consequences from her impulsiveness. She is frantic and very hysterical. She talks about a miracle. A miracle, used in this way, is a complex word probably multi-layered with meaning. Nevertheless, this might suggest about a kind of action contrary to the laws of society at the time the play was set. She might be thinking about Helmer taking the blame and paying Krogstad the money. This is impossible because Helmer is too proud. He does not want to give in to women  even if she is his wife. He is someone obsessed with his reputation- a common obsession of males because it was a way of gaining a respectable position in society. This was made worse when he was promoted and gained a position of social esteem. Another idea might be her committing suicide. The audience is aware that she cannot do this because she has to go under the ice, down into the cold black water and then in spring to float up again, ugly, unrecognisable and hairless. She is also a pampered little pretty. Above all she does not believe in anything else, that is why she is trying to believe in the impossible because her desperation has reached its climax. .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .postImageUrl , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:hover , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:visited , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:active { border:0!important; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:active , .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87 .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u10f3e8180e2c984a8bc454abd8ae2f87:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Sinking of the Titanic EssayHer desperation increases as she tries to distract Helmer from opening the letterbox. The audience, as Ibsen engineers Helmers movements towards the box, feel the greatest tension. His movements are interrupted by Nora playing the first bars of the tarantella. The tarantella is used in distracting Helmer from the letterbox but also might implicate something more complex after what Nora says afterwards. The tarantella is a dance accomplished by moving your body nervously in a systematic way. Ibsen might have chosen this deliberately as to show how nervous Noras actions are. It was also believed that the venom from the tarantula spider caused thes e nervous movements and when you danced the tarantella, you could be healed. Her efforts to distract Helmer away from the letterbox fail and she just goes straight to the point of not thinking of anything else except for her. She also begs him not to forsake her when the time comes near her dance of life. This shows the extent of Noras desperation that she has to agree to Helmers superiority to keep her miracle alive. Nora: correct me, lead me the way you always doà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦you see how much I need you! You must show me every step of the way. Right to the end of the dance. Promise me you will Torvald? In the all the other scenes in the play, for eight years in the characters lives, Nora has been covering up all her secession from what her society expects of women. She did not just assert herself but committed a forgery, which she knew deep down that Helmer would not accept it. It is a pivotal moment in her life to see if the miracle will happen. It is not just significance to her but the play as a whole and the audience. It decides what goes on in the other scenes. Later in the play, her actions are prone to this initial but significant scene.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Organized Hypocrisy Essay Example

Organized Hypocrisy Essay Every nation wants to contain its own powers and privileges. Of course it is needed. Any nation satisfying the definition of state can expect the powers and privileges of its own. It does not like others involvement in its matter by other nations. The ability of a nation to constrain other involvement in its internal affairs is called sovereignty.  ¹Ã¢â‚¬Å"Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e.g. legislative, judicial, and/or executive) authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself. A sovereign is the supreme lawmaking authority, subject to no other†. The concept of sovereignty got worldwide recognition with the idea of peace, establishment of League of Nations and U.N.O etc. The U.N.O in its charter clearly says about non-interference of other states in the internal affairs of any county. But in reality it is not going to work as we expected. We are seeing internal affairs means only as political affairs, policy affairs. But th ese things are indirectly influenced by other 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Wikipedia factors like pro-westernization, economy, its influence on international arena, etc.   Due influence of more number of factors which are showing impact on the sovereignty of a country, the concept of sovereignty has lost its relevance in today’s modern world.   It is nothing like organized hypocrisy rather than true sovereignty.  ¹Ã¢â‚¬Å"The abolition of inter-state war was the declared goal of the Charter of the UN. Today, the aim seems to include the abolition of internal war as well which implies a redefinition both of internal sovereignty and the non-intervention principle.† We will write a custom essay sample on Organized Hypocrisy specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Organized Hypocrisy specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Organized Hypocrisy specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The term sovereignty has been used in four ways  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   International legal sovereignty  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Westphalia sovereignty  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Domestic sovereignty  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Interdependence sovereignty 1. Eberwein, Wolf-dieter;  Badie, Bertrand ; Ingenta Connect 1.  ¹Ã¢â‚¬Å"International Legal Sovereignty: Practices associated with mutual recognition, usually between territorial entities that have formal juridical independence, it contains authority and legitimacy but not control. 2. Westphalian Sovereignty refers to p.org based on the exclusion of external actors from authority structures with in a given territory. 3. Domestic Sovereignty: Formal org of political authority with in the state and the ability of public authorities to exercise effective controls with in borders of their own policy. It is sharing both authority and control. 4. Interdependence Sovereignty, Ability of public authorities to regulate the flow of information, ideas, goods, people, pollutants or capital across the borders of their state, concerned control only, no authority.† Sovereignty became part and parcel of every written constitution and also included in other forms in unwritten 1. Krasner, Organized Hypocrisy constitutions as well. Each and every country talks about its sovereign functions and its sovereignty. For small countries is trying to make propaganda to safe guard its self-interest. This is mainly propagated by the top-level officials to low level officials. However the propaganda of top level is only accountable. These leaders use this in an organized way. They are using it for building personal image  and for the country benefits as well. They make use of the word again and again in a planned way, this helps the country to make progress and continue its respect in international stage. Some times they speak crossing their limitations and also accusing other rival nations which later have to be resolved diplomatically. However human factor has its own influence and it is the main real factor to make things in organized way by several means like propaganda, diplomacy etc. Sovereignty is important and also must need thing now in this period of time is which we think, however in reality it is not so, the concept of sovereignty is loosing its worth. It looks just like an organized hypocrisy now with many developments going around in a quick rate. Hypocrisy means the practice of claiming to have higher standard of beliefs than in the case.   This hypocrisy is poised in a planned and a systematic way to get acceptance of all the sections of people. Every country have its own strategy to maintain that hypocrisy knowingly for its own benefits starting from very big country to small countries depending upon its own requirements. Concept of sovereignty is loosing its grip due to number of factors already stated. These include  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Political affairs  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Pro-westernization  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Diplomatic relations.  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   International system  ·Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Globalization. Some students of international politics take sovereignty as an analytic assumption, other as a description of the practice of actors, and still others as a generative grammar. There is actor oriented perspective Krasner in his books organized hypocrisy focused on actor – oriented perspective. But he says the actors are not the nations like in neo-liberalism, neo-realism etc., International order is must needed thing now or else within no time the world will collapse. This order helps to bind the international society together. â€Å"There are four care values in the present international system. 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   The maintenance of minimum public order, meaning the avoidance of behavior that would risk general war. 2.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Self-determination, although this term lacks any specific meaning beyond decolonization. 3.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Minimum human rights, which consists of the nation that a state violates international norms if it denies on â€Å"identifiable ¹ group equal access to the political, economic and social perquisite of that society.† 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Modernization, the assertion that living standards should be raised through at the world.† Several international attempts were also dare to maintain balance with in a country between rulers and the minority groups. Minority groups means any section of society whether based on religion, 1. Krasner, Organized Hypocrisy language etc., who are in lesser number are treated as minorities. These people’s rights will be sometimes discarded, and then the rulers say it is their internal affairs. It has sovereign right to deal it by itself. There are several   instances in past and present as well, where such a  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   situation has raised, for example in the Ottoman Empire, Fiji, where settlers are minority groups here, Sunni-Shia conflicts in many Arab countries, struggle between tribal groups in African countries. The claim of the states is that it is their internal affair and no one has right to interfere. Depending upon the issue the international community is interfering and asking the nations to deal the issue in a justified manner. Though there are several methods just like diplomacy, through international institutions , negotiations etc and if they are not going to work out then through economic sanctions , shutting down the diplomatic relations etc.,. Another important factor which influences Sovereignty is very new concept that is Globalization.   We are now staying in a global village where we cannot deny relations with others. If any country does that it will be the looser in the end of the day. Nations will suffer and the citizens of that country will be the real victims of the leaders polices. They say that they have every right to have their own agenda.   These agenda should be accepted by internationally community. Now with the revolution in telecommunications each and every aspect of development of all countries are known to all. If any country go according it own whi ms and fancies the international community is curtailing it with a strategy of collective economic sanctions enforced by international organizations. There are several instances where economic sanctions were imposed. Some of the examples are sanctions on Iraq after Gulf War, sanctions on India and Pakistan after Nuclear Tests, on South Africa for showing racial discrimination, etc. like this there are several examples. Like this there is no freedom to do according to its interests. But unfortunately this is not going to apply for developed countries. They are influencing the international organizations to give financial assistance to the smaller countries and to keep sanctions on them. This is possible due to their higher stake in those. This is making fun of the concept of Sovereignty. This will lose confidence on them and small countries will not trust them. Some countries are ending their relations with IMF and WB.  ¹Ã¢â‚¬Å"Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez announced that his country had withdrawn from the IMF and WB.† And some other Latin American countries like Nicaraguan, Argentina etc are in that way. After giving due importance to developed countries also the international institutions though they are claiming that they are safeguarding the interests of nations and their sovereignty. This is nothing other than the organized Hypocrisy by international community controlled by developed nations. By above examples we may come to a conclusion that international community and globalization is dominating the states sovereignty but is not totally correct as we see. Even though the other factors are looking in front but the real player is the human factor which is influencing all the things.  ²Ã¢â‚¬Å"What Krasner regards as ‘organized hypocrisy’ may also be perceived, at least with some compassion for our human infirmities, as the 1.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Venezuela to Quit IMF, WB. Deccan Chronicle 2. Krasner, Emperor’s New Clothes. inherent, perforce ineluctable, contradictions of political existence. Hence, stretching this claim to its ultimate limits, it would follow that in the world of history and politics, the human actor, with all his/her constraints and contingencies, has precedence over institutions and structures, that personal decisions override international norms. For the politics of meaning, even for the modern man, lies beyond the politics of state-sovereignty.† How many numbers of the factors may be or what ever the levels of their impact may be these factors undermined the concept of sovereignty which had lot of importance in the earlier days. But now it looks just like an organized hypocrisy.   Unless there are streamlined basic principles established by international conventions and accepted by international community and each and every nation in the world, we may forget the concept of sovereignty forever which is not good for the nations and world at large in long run.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

How to Prepare with GED Classes Online

How to Prepare with GED Classes Online Basics of Preparing with GED Classes Online: If you want to increase your eligibility for jobs and college entrance, consider preparing for the GED online. Many GED classes online offer exam guide books, practice tests, and other material to help students study for the GED. Can I Take the GED Online?: No. It is important to remember that the GED exam cannot be taken through the internet. Although you may prepare for the GED online, you will need to go to a physical testing center to take the actual exam and earn your certificate. Websites that tell you otherwise are scams. Preparing for the GED Online via the American Council on Education: The American Council on Education facilitates the GED exam. Check out their website for GED online study material including the official practice test and sample questions. The website also lists your local testing center. Preparing for the GED Online with Regional Resources: Many adult education resource centers offer students a way to study for the GED online. They may offer you access to virtual video instruction or help you prepare for the GED online with practice programs. Because these centers are designed to help local students, you’ll need to find one in your area. Preparing for the GED Online with Other Websites: When choosing material to help you study for the GED online, avoid websites that promise to send you a GED without the need for testing.Some reputable GED online practice sites include GEDforFree.com and GED Academy.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Applied research method - topic to be defined out of the assignment Essay

Applied research method - topic to be defined out of the assignment - Essay Example The difference in organizational culture is perceivable and culture has been recognized as a strong determinant of beliefs, attitudes and behavior. The strategic decision of M&A would have to take into account the impact of the differences in culture between two organizations or even between two nations. A high percentage of mergers and acquisitions fail to meet expectations and a very strong argument is that cultures were not integrated. This makes it interesting to know the impact that M&A has on the culture of an organization. To determine the impact of cultural differences when M&A take place, literature review would be conducted. There is a broad stream of literature available but since it is not possible to go through or include the entire database, select academic journals would be used to determine the impact that culture has during mergers. Three academic papers are recent while two papers are decades old. This has been done to understand how the mind set of people has changed over time. Literature review permits quick and easy collection of general information on the issue. The literature review would help to arrive at the research question. Cultural differences have been blamed for high failure rate in M&A but research suggests otherwise (Teerikangas & Very, 2006). Differences in top management styles have been found in top US companies but not in rewards and evaluation system to have a negative performance impact. Functional background had a positive impact on post-acquisition performance. A buying firm’s behavior throughout the buying process is influenced by its national background. According to some authors, differences in national cultures are not an impediment but a potential success factor for M&A. Research suggests that decision-makers give disproportionate attention to strategic fit as compared to integration issues (Olie, 1994). One of these issues is the ‘cultural fit’ where the fundamental differences